Architecture according to the dictionary is the art or practice of designing and constructing buildings. It is the art and process of planning, designing, and constructing buildings or any other structures. Architectural works are often seen as cultural symbols and as works of art. Historical civilizations are often identified with their surviving architectural achievements.

Building first evolved out of the dynamics between needs (shelter, security, worship, etc.) and means (available building materials and attendant skills). As human cultures developed and knowledge began to be formalized through oral traditions and practices, building became a craft, and "architecture" is the name given to the versions of that craft.

Architecture, like sculpture, is concerned with three-dimensional form; and, although the central problem in the design of buildings is the organization of space rather than mass, there are styles of architecture that are effective largely through the quality and organization of their solid forms. Ancient styles of stone architecture, particularly Egyptian, Greek, and Mexican, tend to treat their components in a sculptural manner.